Statement from Carol E. Tracy, Executive Director of the Women’s Law Project & Terry L. Fromson, Managing Attorney of the Women’s Law Project, on the Penn State Rape Case Involving Nate Parker 

In 2002, the Women’s Law Project represented a young woman in a complaint charging Penn State University with violating Title IX by failing to properly respond to the harassment to which she was subjected after she filed complaints to the police and the school alleging she was raped by PSU wrestlers Nate Parker and Jean Celestin. This woman’s family has eloquently conveyed the impact the experience and subsequent harassment to which she was subjected had on our client. As is now known, she tragically died in 2012. We chose to refrain from participating in the public dissection of the case out of respect for the privacy of our client who, throughout our representation, requested anonymity.

However, as advocates of improving responses of both the criminal justice and campus systems to sexual assault, we come forward to address our client’s objectives. Our client took the actions she did with the goal of protecting other women from sexual assault and harassment, and to do what she could to ensure justice for rape survivors. These objectives have not been achieved in either system, as has been well-documented.

First, we will address sexual assault laws. Our sex crime laws need to be updated and stripped of archaic notions about sexual assault such as those that impose, by word or practice, perpetual consent based on previous sexual relationships. The criminal justice system must free itself of pervasive bias and victim-blaming. The Department of Justice recently issued a guidance, Identifying and Preventing Gender Bias in Law Enforcement Response to Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence (2015). This document provides a good starting point for police to commence this work; prosecutors, juries, and judges must also self-police their attitudes.

Our college campuses, appropriately reminded of their obligations under Title IX by the Office for Civil Rights in 2011, need to comply in both word and practice with the law and strive to prevent sexual misconduct and harassment so students—all students–can fully benefit from their education.

Title IX, the civil law that prohibits sex discrimination in educational institutions, is an important and necessary response to sexual assault on campus. Under this law, educational institutions must strive to keep their students and campuses safe by prohibiting sexual assault and harassment, and enforcing that prohibition. They also must do what they can to ameliorate the effects on the victim, which can be severe, as we have been so painfully reminded this week.

As has been widely reported, our client received a small monetary payment as part of the settlement with Penn State. Most important to her, the settlement included the appointment of an independent panel to review PSU’s policies, practices, and procedures. The panel reviewed written policies and heard from numerous witnesses, including our client. (Read Carol Tracy’s 2003 statement here.)

The panel issued a final report with recommendations, which we supported.

In 2012, following new revelations of sexual assault on Penn State’s campus, the Women’s Law Project and nine other organizations requested the Office for Civil Rights review Penn State’s response to student allegations of sexual misconduct with a focus on PSU’s response when athletes or other athletic department personnel are involved.

In 2014, the OCR independently opened a compliance review, which is still active. We look forward to their findings and recommendations.

“A victim should not have to worry about harassment, safety, classes, and finances after she has experienced and reported a heinous crime,” our client said in 2004. “If victims feel protected, more will come forward, and perpetrators will learn that their behavior will not be tolerated.”

Contact Associate Director of Strategic Communications Tara Murtha at

Founded in 1974, the Women’s Law Project is the only public interest law center in Pennsylvania devoted to advancing the rights of women and girls.

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About womenslawproject

The Women's Law Project creates a more just and equitable society by advancing the rights and status of all women throughout their lives. To this end, we engage in high-impact litigation, advocacy, and education.
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